Great Lakes Permaculture

Ethics and Principles of Permaculture

Ethics and Principles of Permaculture

In his book Permaculture: Principles and Pathways beyond Sustainability, David Holmgren writes, “Ethics act as constraints on survival instincts and the other personal and social constructs of self-interest that tend to drive human behaviour in any society. They are culturally evolved mechanisms for more enlightened self-interest, a more inclusive view of who and what constitutes ‘us’, and a longer-term understanding of good and bad outcomes.”

Ethics of Permaculture

  • Care for the earth (husband soil, forests and water)
  • Care for people (look after self, kin and community)
  • Fair share (set limits to consumption and reproduction, and redistribute surplus).

The Twelve Principles of Permaculture

  • Observe & Interact
  • Catch & Store Energy
  • Obtain a Yield
  • Apply Self-regulation & Accept Feedback
  • Use & Value Renewable Resources and Services
  • Produce No Waste
  • Design From Patterns to Details
  • Integrate Rather Than Segregate
  • Use Small and Slow Solutions
  • Use and Value Diversity
  • Use Edges and Value the Marginal
  • Creatively Use and Respond to Change

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